Some Quick Tips On Traffic Handling On Voice
a written list of traffic you need to transmit by destination, e.g.
Michigan, West Virginia, or 9th Region, 4th Region etc., prior to
checking into a net; have the traffic readily available in an
orderly manner so as not to require a frantic search for it when the
time comes to send it. Example: MI 2, NY 1, 5RN 3 - Manila file
folders work well for sorting by REGION destination.
using push-to-talk operation when transmitting a message, un-key the
microphone often so the receiving station may break in if necessary.
Remember to send your message slow enough for the receiving station
to copy your message on paper.
the NATO International Phonetic Alphabet. The phonetics have been
used and tested over the past 50 years so as to preclude any
ambiguity in their meaning.
number ZERO (0) is not the letter "O". It is pronounced as ZERO and
not as OH or OWE. The letter "O" phonetically is OSCAR.
Amateur call sign KB0ABC is Kilo Bravo Zero Alfa Bravo Charlie and
not Kay Bee Owe Aay Bee Cee. Think of the foregoing example when
seeing the number ZERO in a message.
pro-words to identify what is coming next in a message being
or FIGURES identifies the next piece of information as a number or
group of numbers.
INITIAL (s) or LETTERS-GROUP identifies the next item as a single
letter group or group of letters (e.g. an acronym such as ARES)
spelled out using the NATO International Phonetic Alphabet.
I SPELL identifies the next word as having a unique spelling or is a
proper name, Chrysteen I SPELL, Charlie Hotel Romeo Yankee Sierra
Tango Echo Echo November, Chrysteen.
in text identified by the letter "X" are always sent as INITIAL
net control station's operating frequency is always the correct
frequency for all members of the net, regardless if it is not the
normal net frequency.
net control station will always direct the station receiving traffic
to call the station sending the traffic.
Did you ever consider why the ARRL Section is organized the way it
Yes, the head "honcho" is the Section Manger (SM) but behind him are
the folks that help coordinate the work of the Section. These
include the Section Emergency Coordinator (SEC), the Section Traffic
Manager (STM), the Public Information Coordinator (PIC), Official
Observer Coordinator (OOC), and others that have a reporting
function to the SM. Yes, it is much like a military hierarchy, but
it does serve a purpose.
Just remember you are licensed by a US government agency, the
Federal Communications Commission (FCC), that allocates
communications spectrum space to interested parties. You are an
"interested" party. The American Radio Relay League (ARRL) is
considered to be amateur radio's lobby that is defending your
operating frequency spectrum; the organization that is looking out
for your continued operating future as an amateur radio operator.
However, as with all things relegated to government control,
reporting is an essential function.
This is where you come in. Reporting is developed from data and
statistics. The monthly data compiled by the ARRL from Section
reports is used in support of comments on petitions for proposed
rule making and other regulatory functions of the FCC and the
legislative side of the US Government. The only way the data and
statistics get built is from monthly traffic and participation
reports. These are reports captured by the STM and SEC and reported
to the SM. The SM files those reports monthly with the ARRL Field
Organization group. Normally, the more reports received, the better
for the Section.
Why? The reports reflect the health, vibrancy and diligence of the
Section, especially when the reports reflect 12,000 message traffic
transactions and 10000 hours of emergency communications training
and operations in just one month. Those are the kind of data that
"pop out" at you when you are reading or presenting a report or
delivering testimony before an FCC panel. They are also used a
measure for allocation of funds from the ARRL to support the
Section's operating costs.
So, if you are involved in net operations with ARES training and
operation and net or NTS traffic handling, I suggest that you get on
the bandwagon and regularly file a monthly station activity report.
You will be the one that ultimately benefits from it. Reports need
to be filed with your STM, EC, DEC, or SEC. File your reports
over-the-air, via email, or even with a telephone call. It really
doesn't matter how the report gets to where it needs to be, just get
it there by the very first week of every month..
If you are going to do it over-the-air, then just send a quick and
simple NTS message to whomever needs your data.
If your station operations meet the Public Service Honor Roll (PSHR)
criteria as listed at the URL above, then file a PSHR report in
addition to the traffic report....Generally, in our case, more
reporting will always be better than none.....
Each month the hams of Ohio
are given the opportunity to send a report to the Section
Traffic Manager. The report can be a monthly traffic report,
a PSHR (Public Service Honor Role) report or both.
Some hams will say, “I only handle one or two pieces of
traffic a month and it is not worth reporting.” It is
important to send in a report regardless on how much traffic
you handle. When you take all those stations that handle 1,
2, 5, 10 or more pieces of traffic and add them together,
they add up.
Why is it important to submit these reports? The totals of
these reports are an indication of the activity in Ohio.
When only a handful of hams submit reports, it gives the
appearance we are not doing as much as we could be. There
are far more stations active in Ohio than these reports
What is PSHR? Public Service Honor Role is recognition of
amateur station activity. The PSHR reports are printed in
QST each month in the public service section.
How do you qualify for PSHR?
You must have a total of 70 points in any of 6 categories.
in a public service net (max. 40)
2. Handling formal messages (max. 40)
3. Serving in an ARRL-sponsored volunteer position (max. 30)
4. Participating in a scheduled, short-term public service
event, including off-the-air meetings
(5 points per
hour - no limit)
in an unplanned emergency response (5 points per hour - no
maintaining an automated digital system handling ARRL
messages or a
web page e-mail list server oriented toward Amateur Radio
(10 points per
in a public service net --
1 point, maximum
A public service
net is one that is regularly scheduled and handles Amateur
Radio formal messages. Here are examples of public service
nets: Local and section nets that are affiliated with the
National Traffic System (NTS); NTS region, NTS area, and
independent nets that handle traffic; ARES�,
RACES, SKYWARN nets that meet on a regular basis; net
sessions that are activated during emergencies and threats
of potential emergencies; public service and safety nets;
nets that are established for training radio amateurs in
public service and emergency communications.
2) Handling formal
messages (radiograms) via any mode -- 1 point for each
message handled; maximum 40.
message is defined as a message that is originated or sent
or received or delivered. PSHR will follow the same method
as Brass Pounders' League to count an individual operator's
traffic total (also known as station activity report) to
reach the figure for the new PSHR Category 2. There is
one point granted for each message handled; maximum 40
points per calendar month.
point for each message from a third party for sending via
your station. This "extra" credit is given for an
off-the-air function because of the value of contact with
the general public.
message sent over the air from your station to another
amateur receives a point in this category. Thus, a message
that is eligible for an Originated point as above receives
another point when it is sent on the air.
message that is received on the air conveys a Sent point
when it is relayed to another station. A message that you
initiate yourself, while it gets no Originated point, gets a
Sent point when cleared. All Sent points require on-the-air
message received over the air gets a Received point, whether
received for relaying (sending) or for delivery to the
addressee. Any message received which is not eligible for a
Delivery point (such as one addressed to yourself) is
nevertheless eligible for a Received point.
act of delivery of a message to a third party receives a
point in this category, in addition to a Received point.
This is strictly an off-the-air function and must be coupled
with receipt of the message at your station. Thus you can't
get a Delivered point unless you first get a Received point.
for clarification: If I send a message originated on behalf
of myself, I know I get only one point for a message SENT.
However, if I originate a message on behalf of a third
party, and then send it, I get TWO points, (origination and
sending), even though ONE message was handled.
3) Serving in an
ARRL-sponsored volunteer position: ARRL Field Organization
appointee or Section Manager, NTS Net Manager, TCC Director,
TCC member, NTS official or appointee above the Section
10 points for each position; maximum 30.
Organization appointees (in alphabetical order) include the
following: Assistant Section Managers, District Emergency
Coordinators, Emergency Coordinators, Local Government
Liaisons, Net Managers, Official Bulletin Stations, Official
Emergency Stations, Official Observers, Official Observer
Coordinators, Official Relay Stations, Public Information
Coordinators, Public Information Officers, Section Emergency
Coordinators, Section Managers, Section Traffic Managers,
State Government Liaisons, Technical Specialists.
Manager is the ARRL-member elected League official the
section. NTS Net Managers would include the following nets:
NTS Region and NTS Area. TCC (Transcontinental Corps)
Director is in charge of organizing his/her TCC membership
roster of operators that comprise the corps. TCC members are
those operators that are assigned to relay traffic from one
NTS area to another, conducting liaison with NTS nets to do
so. NTS official or appointee above the Section level
includes NTS Area Staff Chairs, NTS Area Digital
Coordinators and NTS Digital Stations.
about the structure of the NTS and the positions and nets
that are mentioned in this article may be found in the
ARRL's Public Service Communications Manual. It is on
in scheduled, short-term public service events such as
walk-a-thons, bike-a-thons, parades, simulated emergency
tests and related practice events.
off-the-air meetings and coordination efforts with related
emergency groups and served agencies. -- 5 points per
hour (or any portion thereof) of time spent in either
coordinating and/or operating in the public service event;
recognizes the value of public safety communication events
that Amateur Radio is often called to participate in.
Simulated emergency tests, exercises, and drills are covered
by this category. Points are gained by the amount of time
that an Amateur Radio operator spends directly involved in
operating the event. This also recognizes the value of
off-the-air time it takes to meet with the organization or
public service agency to plan and coordinate Amateur Radio
in an unplanned emergency response when the Amateur Radio
operator is on the scene. This also includes unplanned
incident requests by public or served agencies for Amateur
--5 points per hour (or any portion thereof) of time
spent directly involved in the emergency operation; no
recognizes an Amateur Radio operator who is directly
involved in an actual emergency operation. This includes the
operator who is on the scene or out in the field, in the
shelter, at the emergency operations center, at the
hospital, or other served agency's headquarters or their
temporary command center.
sentence of Category 5 invites the Amateur Radio operator
who is an active participant in an unplanned incident -- or
in other words, an emergency operation-- to take credit for
his/her participation even though he/she is not physically
at the emergency scene.
The intent behind
Category 5 is to also include the Amateur Radio operators --
like net controllers, net operation and other radio amateurs
that support communications in unplanned incidents-- that
are not actually on the emergency scene or at the shelter,
etc, but are spending time and efforts for supporting the
same emergency communication efforts.
As an example, if
the National Weather Service activates SKYWARN, Amateur
Radio operators serve as weather spotters from their home
(or car, or work, or other locations) during the weather
event. Then, a tornado strikes and the Red Cross calls out
the ARES� members to serve in shelters and to
provide support for damage assessment communications. These
operators would be among those to qualify for points under
There would likely
be several net control operators, net liaison operators,
traffic handlers, etc, who are away from the disaster scene,
but are spending time to support the Amateur Radio emergency
communication effort on behalf of the served agencies (Red
Cross and National Weather Service, in this example). They,
too, would qualify for points under Category 5.
6.) Providing and
maintaining a) an automated digital system that handles ARRL
radiogram-formatted messages; b) a Web page e-mail list
server oriented toward Amateur Radio public service -- 10
points per item.
The portion, "a,"
is a carry-over from the previous PSHR criteria as this sub
category recognizes the efforts it takes to provide and
maintain an automated digital system (like a packet bulletin
board or a PACTOR system) that handles ARRL
The portion "b,"
is a new item. Since the last time PSHR criteria were
revised, newer technologies like Web pages and e-mail list
servers have become popular and effective ways to
communicate news and information to the community of radio
amateurs that are involved in emergency and public service
communication operations and preparedness.
Check the ARRL web site for
Why submit a PSHR report? Again to show how active Ohio hams
are. This lets the ARRL see how hams are serving their
community and section.
I would encourage all hams to submit both of these reports
to out to our Section Traffic Manager.
Don't have time to get on the traffic nets to give your
report.. We have the answer for you. Just fill out the
on-line PSHR form and it will email it directly to the STM
for you. Here's the form. FSD-210
We also have a Traffic Report form
that is used in the Ohio Section. This report form is for
the reporting ONLY of traffic received / passed which
differs from the PSHR.